Just returned from another special project SCUBA diving and scanning the USS Arizona BB-39 and USS Utah BB-31 in Pearl Harbor Hawaii to gather more 3D data for the first comprehensive survey in over 30 years. We at Autodesk have many great partners involved in this pro-bono project last week we had the US National Park Service, US Navy, Deep Ocean Engineering, R2Sonic, and Gilbane Building Company.
I was underwater a great deal of time or without Internet which explains the rare silence on the blog. I have been working on this project for a year and many dives, many amazing photos, incredible data sets, and lifelong memories. It is truly an honor to be involved in this project and also even more of an honor knowing I have a relative on the USS Arizona.
We should have all the data needed now to finalize the 3D digital model of the the USS Arizona and provide an accurate digital model to be used for preservation, education, study/research, and create a 3D print.
Advanced scanning equipment used to map USS Utah http://bit.ly/1w8vIvH
Sonar mapping shines new light on USS Utah
Being interviewed by a photographer from the US Navy while still in my wetsuit after just having SCUBA dived the USS Utah.
I personally know one of the amazing Made in Space team members Ashley Dara and it is exciting for her as well as a big accomplishment for everyone involved and for the advancement of 3D printing research. If you think about it any manufacturing or building on a space station or a planet will require some fast methods to make things and last I checked a UPS or FedEx cannot deliver ordered parts to a space station or planet. But 3D printing may be a fast viable solution people in remote locations to create objects or even build a remote space outpost building.
Congrats Made in Space!
To infinity 3D printing and beyond!
This was an amazing project to be part of. It will help scientist better understand the changes our oceans are experiencing, and how coral reefs are responding over time by documenting in 3D the changes of the coral.
Autodesk partnered with the US National Park Service to undertake the most complete study of the USS Arizona in 30 years both above and below water using many 3D capture technologies. Two of the artifacts captured using photos and Autodesk ReCap Photo were iconic and historically significant as they had been in the hands or used by those onboard during the Pearl Harbor attacks of December 7th, 1941. The items were a cooking pot and a Coke bottle. The models created by Autodesk ReCap Photo were highly detailed given that we captured the photos SCUBA diving in very limited visibility water sometimes having to swim inverted upside down to photograph the objects and also prevent the silt from being stirred up.
Here is one of the project divers with a camera in an underwater housing taking photos. Easier said than done and definitely physically demanding capturing hundreds of photos in a orbiting sequence exercising good buoyancy and control. It was truly exhausting work and many of us found ourselves when resting on the dock falling asleep almost instantly after surfacing from a dive and doing this over 14 hours a day. I will never forget falling asleep in my wetsuit only to be awoken by tourists walking by and some taking photos of me under the dock as I lay there in a hot neoprene wetsuit.
After creating the 3D models and colleague Craig Barr touching up the model in Autodesk Mudbox, the models were so amazing we knew they had to be 3D printed. We could imagine the idea of people being able to hold accurate representations in 3D in their own hands of objects that currently rest on the deck of the USS Arizona. It was a natural and positive and beneficial use of 3D printing to be used in education and at the USS Arizona Memorial and World War II Valor in the Pacific.
I reached out to local Utah 3D printing company Whiteclouds.com and their amazing CEO Jerry Ropelato. Jerry immediately and without hesitation offered to 3D print the two artifacts in color and put me in contact with his 3D printing ninja Kyle Gifford who also uses Autodesk products like Autodesk Maya.
Here you can see a photo of the cooking pot as it rests on the deck of the USS Arizona covered in sponges and organic debris after over 70 years. This cooking pot was in the ships galley and used to cook meals for the service members onboard the USS Arizona. You truly feel the significance when down on the USS Arizona of all the lost lives and historical record of events and yet you still see objects the men used daily including the cooking pots, plates, coke bottles, shaving kits, shoe soles and more. These were items used by people not just another inanimate object under the water.
Here is the resulting 3D digital model of the cooking pot generated by Autodesk ReCap Photo. It was quite remarkable in detail.
Here you can see a photo of the 1941 Coke bottle complete with a US National Parks tag on it. It has remained on the deck of the USS Arizona since 1941.
Here is the resulting 3D digital model of the Coke bottle generated by Autodesk ReCap Photo and an image of the mesh in Autodesk Memento. It was another amazing result and you can even see all the organic life living on the bottle and the US NPS artifact tag.
This past Memorial Day was significant and emotional when Pete Kelsey and I got to meet one of the less than a dozen remaining survivors that were aboard the USS Arizona during the attack, US Navy veteran Don Stratton. Don Stratton's story of survival and loosing all his unit is a story one will never forget for as long as I live. Imagine burns over most of your body and diving into a harbor under attack with bombs and torpedoes with oil on the surface engulfed in fire, not being able to see, and pulling yourself to another ship by rope, and then after a long hospitalization re-enlisting back to active duty. What an amazing man that makes you just stand in awe and respect and truly a fine representative of America's finest generation. We handed Don the print of the artifacts that remain on the ship today.
When presented with the 3D print of the cooking pot for the first time, Stratton said, “That is amazing. I don’t know anybody in the galley that survived that day. At the time of the explosion, it was self-preservation. After that, it was extremely hard to return. Now, when I go back and remember, it’s a little easier. I think it [3D artifacts] will make an impression on a lot of people, I really do.”
We accompanied Don Stratton with a group of US Navy, US Coast Guard, and US National Park Service all dressed formal uniform out to the memorial with the flag flown at half mast and everyone silent but tears were almost audible as they streamed down faces and people made throat clearing sounds trying to not shed tears. I swear the sea level in the harbor rose that day from the shed tears and people thinking of lessons learned from the horrors of war. I will never ever forgot Don's facial expressions and demeanor at the memorial and wondering what he was thinking about as he peered down at the ships remains and at the memorial wall of names containing his shipmates and friends. I certainly wont ever forget his comment to a US Navy commander who was there with some of his young enlisted men "you take care of those young men." Another memorable quote was a NPS spokesperson and longtime friend of Don Stratton talked about how those that survived the attack have the option of being interned down on the ship after they pass but he said "Don would not be accepting that honor that as he was almost cremated once on the ship back in 1941, and did not want to be cremated again."
What a project and memory.
More on the USS Arizona Project:
Here is Autodesk's Pete Kelsey with USS Arizona survivor Don Stratton and the 3D print of the Cooking pot and coke bottle.
WhiteClouds Kyle Gifford and the 3D Print of the USS Arizona Artifacts.
Some of the facts on the 3D Prints from Whiteclouds:
The pieces were printed on the ProJet 660Pro by 3D Systems. This is a full-color 3D printer that uses powder jetting technology to build the object layer by layer. Each layer is 89 microns—slightly thinner than a human hair. The printer uses the CMYK spectrum of colors to produce realistic results. The objects are made of a gypsum-based powder that has been very precisely bonded together and colored.
The bottle took 5 hours and 24 minutes to print and has 959 layers. The cooking pot took 6 hours and 6 minutes to print and has a total of 1028 layers.
“We are continually amazed by the applications of 3D printing and now we can add underwater exploration to the list,” said Kerry Parker, VP of Business Development at WhiteClouds. “This really opens up possibilities. If you can imagine a classroom of students that will never have the opportunity to dive down and experience the remnants of the Arizona. Now, through 3D scanning and printing, it would be possible for them, or anyone, to hold and study a replicated artifact. This brings education to a new level. There’s something that’s communicated through physical objects that you don’t get with photographs or video. People and events, like the bombing at Pearl Harbor, become real.”
Photos of the 3D Prints in my hand. The Coke bottle is 1:1 scale and the cooking pot was print 1/3 scale.It was priceless each time someone held the 3D prints sand thought of the significance of them and their real counterparts on the deck of the USS Arizona.
Thank you WhiteClouds for the truly historic 3D Prints!
Now we at Autodesk are hard at work with the terabytes of 3D data we captured in hopes to produce a fully accurate 3D print of the entire USS Arizona. We wont be printing it to 1:1 scale of course, unless someone has a 400 feet x 200 feet x 150 feet build platform capacity 3D printer they would like to loan us.
On Memorial Day 2014 the US National Park Service and Autodesk announced for the first time in over 30 years that a scientific survey of the USS Arizona had been competed using the latest in technology. I wanted to share my personal experience and stories behind the scenes having spent several months on this amazing and historic project.
The USS Arizona is the final resting place for the majority of the ship’s 1,777 crewmen who lost their lives on December 7, 1941. The 184-foot memorial structure, spanning the mid-portion of the sunken battleship, was built to honor American servicemen and civilians who lost their lives during the attack on Pearl Harbor, Oahu, on December 7, 1941.
Press release: National Park Service and Autodesk Carry Out First Comprehensive Digital Survey to Preserve the USS Arizona and Memorial
A quote from Autodesk project leader Pete Kelsey:
"What a fantastic example of how reality computing can give context, meaning and evoke deep, emotional responses to such an important part of our nation's history. The team could not be more honored to share the results of the Arizona Memorial survey with Pearl Harbor survivors, veterans everywhere, and the public on this very special Memorial Day."
Strategic Projects Executive at Autodesk
Behind the Scenes of the Project:
In the Fall of 2013 I was asked if I would be interested in a very special reality capture project to assist in creating 3D geometry of the USS Arizona in Pearl Harbor using many types of technologies. I had participated in several other complicated 3D capture projects like the project in Northern Kenya with the Turkana Basin Institute and Dr. Louise Leakey. Of course I did not hesitate and agreed to participate. Autodesk's Pete Kelsey was leading the project with several companies donating time and technologies to the project of digitally preserving the USS Arizona.
In November 2013 we arrived on site and performed our series of SCUBA dives and surface data collection projects. We were laser scanning the USS Arizona Memorial and underwater capturing photos of the USS Arizona to generate 3D models using Autodesk ReCap Photo a cloud based photogrammetry technology that converts photos to 3D textured geometry. We had partners that performed terrestrial LiDAR setting survey points to geo-reference the USS Arizona geometry to, and Multibeam Sidescan SONAR.
Some of the unexpected things I learned on the first project visit was how much different the conditions on the ship were compared to what I had expected them to be. I had expected the ship to look like a ship when in fact it appeared more like an organic structure with all the corals, algae, fish, and covered in silt. Nature has taken over. You could see the original teak wood deck in spots because some fish would clean it with their tails to spawn. Some of the metal was polished due to sea turtles rubbing themselves on the metal rods.The water visibility was only a couple feet and you had to deal with a great deal of oil all over you when the winds were low.
We were up by 5am and at the site around 7am then worked on the ship until late afternoon and then went back to the hotel to process the data until late at night and repeated it again for several days continuously. I was a little nervous taking my personal expensive DSLR camera underwater, but the opportunity was worth it. We also did a dive on the USS Utah to test our gear.
Two of the 3D models we created on that first trip were of iconic artifacts from December 7th, 1941 and still remaining on the wreckage of the USS Arizona. One model was a coke bottle and the other a cooking pot. The 3D textured models created using ReCap Photo turned out very well. The idea to 3D print the models seemed a real possibility and everyone believed it would be quite compelling to allow people to hold a physical representation of a current artifact still resting on the deck of the USS Arizona. We printed the first set on our Stratasys 3D printer in a clear material and people loved them. I then asked Whiteclouds.com if they would 3D print in color. The resulting 3D prints were amazing and everyone that seen and held them could not put them down. Pearl Harbor survivors including a USS Arizona survivor Don Stratton was amazed to see the 3D print and hold it in his hands.
"When presented with the 3D print of the cooking pot for the first time, Stratton said, “That is amazing. I don’t know anybody in the galley that survived that day. At the time of the explosion, it was self-preservation. After that, it was extremely hard to return. Now, when I go back and remember, it’s a little easier. I think it [3D artifacts] will make an impression on a lot of people, I really do.”
The team returned and assembled to the USS Arizona to perform multiple dives again in April 2014 to complete the 3D capture project where we did subsea LiDAR, handheld SONAR, and more photogrammetry. This was no typical Hawaii trip as it was long hot days when on the dock and physically demanding long SCUBA dives photographing and locating artifacts and ship locations in less than ideal water conditions and being aware of the inherent dangers in SCUBA and in diving this location. It was an amazing experience to be part of the historic digital survey and a first where multiple technologies were used in a single unified model of an underwater structure.
While all the project was memorable there were moments that stood out.
Project Credit list:
• US National Park Service (Owner) Paul DePrey, Scott Pawlowski, Daniel Martinez, Sly Lee, Brett Seymour, Dr. Dave Conlin, Billy Crowe
• HDR (Project Manager) Jim McConnell, Sally Maddock, Derek Jennings
• Autodesk (Underwater Photogrammetry, Autodesk ReCap, ReCap Photo, Autodesk Infraworks) Dominique Pouliquen, Shaan Hurley, Mike Gemmell, Pete Kelsey, Angela Simoes, Rick Johnston, Craig Barr, Mitko Vidanovski
• Sam Hirota, Inc. (Land Surveying, Terrestrial Laser Scanning) Dennis Hirota
• Oceanic Imaging Consultants, Inc. (Multibeam Sidescan SONAR) Dr. Tom Moore
• 3D at Depth (Subsea LiDAR) Mark Hardy, Carl Embry, Brett Nickerson
• Shark Marine Technologies, Inc. (Diver Portable SONAR) Jim Garrington, Mike Aitken
• United States Coast Guard - Barbers Point (Flight Support)
• US Navy Mobile Diving Salvage Unit One (Dive Support)
• Whiteclouds.com (Color 3D Prints) Jerry Ropelato, Kyle Gifford
A BIG thank you to the many that assisted in this amazing project, and certainly many more to participate in the future as the project data processing is still in progress. The stretch goal is to publish the full 3D ship model to be used for education, preservation, and studies. Creating intelligent 3D models brings to life the USS Arizona and provides the public with an opportunity to actually touch a bit of history.
We also hope to do more projects like this around the world to preserve and digitally document different underwater structures some of importance to other countries.
If you love to learn about fossils and human ancestors then this is the perfect resource. A couple years ago Autodesk (including myself) and Dr. Louise Leakey of the Turkana Basin Institute started this project of placing the lab and some of its amazing fossil discoveries online for everyone to share. The project has gone from just viewing and reading scientific information to view the specimens in 3D allowing rotating to more updates recently where you can even exporting a 3D print model of a specimen. Most of these models were created using Autodesk technology like Autodesk ReCap Photogrammetry, edited in 3ds Max, Maya, Memento, 123D Make, as well as some laser scanning.
Check out the Virtual Lab It's free and a great learning experience http://africanfossils.org
Make sure to try scrolling to the left and right to look around the lab.
Let's select a specimen from the table and then read about it, view in 3D and then download a model to 3D print or print a 2D pattern to assemble your own 3D model from cardboard.
Viewing and reading about the specimen such as where it was collected and scientific meta data
I can select to download model to 3D print or to print a pattern to assemble your own from cardboard
"What is African Fossils?
African Fossils seeks to increase public knowledge about prehistory by harnessing modern technology. Through digitizing otherwise inaccessible discoveries, African Fossils is dedicated to creating a growing repository of 3D models of significant fossils and artifacts, thus making them freely accessible to all. By allowing members to share their 3D printed creations, we hope to aid teachers, students and enthusiasts to exchange ideas and to be inspired to think about our tenuous place on the planet."
Having seen the actual lab and fossil specimens in Kenya in person were amazing but this virtual lab gives you a similar experience without the lengthy travel to Kenya.
There are more updates in the works so keep checking the site.
While capturing 3D geometry with a standard digital camera is challenging and takes advanced technology, capturing 3D geometry underwater can be even more difficult. Difficult because of the optical changes and physical demand to operate in subsurface environment while trying to take photos. Over the past few months I have been involved in some of these projects that made use of not only photogrammetry but recently underwater Lidar (yes underwater laser, not mounted on a shark) and handheld sonar generating 3D point clouds which I will talk about later once the special project is revealed publicly.
This post is about photogrammetry being used by the US National Park Service and marine researchers and how technology like Autodesk Recap Photo can convert photographs using mathematical algorithms to textured 3D geometry. ReCap Photo is an Autodesk 360 service designed to create high resolution 3D data from photos to enable users to visualize and share 3D data. One great object of interest to scientist is coral and what is occurring on coral reefs around the world where colonies are dying due to many potential causes.
Despite their crucial role, coral reef research and education are still in their infancy. One major challenge that has plagued coral reef scientists for decades is the inability to accurately measure the surface area of corals, which represents the living portion. The ability to quantitatively track the growth of a coral colony is an extremely basic and essential parameter for understanding the health of a coral reef ecosystem. Current methods are incredibly imprecise and rely on simplistic two-dimensional (2D measurement.
Further, humans rely heavily upon visualization for comprehension, and corals are difficult to see first-hand. Most corals are inaccessible to anyone who does not SCUBA dive, especially children. Until now, the only way to visualize corals has been to view static pictures or non-interactive films. As a result, public understanding and interest of the complexities of coral reefs pales in comparison to other charismatic megafauna such as sharks, whales and dolphins.
This project aims to utilize Autodesk Reality Capture to generate incredibly detailed 3D models of corals for a novel scientific study and produce revolutionary educational tools.
Sylvester (Sly) Lee is a Marine Toxicologist and Science Communicator. He works at the Kalaupapa National Historical Park and is the founder of the non-profit, The Hydrous, which aims to communicate marine science through beautiful and intuitive visualizations. Interactive 3D coral models can be viewed at www.thehydro.us.
Blowing Bubbles in the name of Science and Technology, Dive Dive Dive!
As a technologist at Autodesk and advanced SCUBA diver it will be my absolute pleasure and honor to work with the Park Service on another project over the next few weeks capturing coral in 3D models for study and future studies on the isolated remote Kalaupapa National Historical Park located on the island of Molokai. I will also play the vital roles of not only safety diver, photographer, BBQ cook, comedian, but I am sure I will play the role of tiger shark bait or underwater rodeo clown to keep the other team members safe while capturing photos for creating 3D models. Autodesk's Pete Kelsey will also be a diver, photographer, and modeler on the project.
Who knows, maybe the team can even host a short Google Hangout from the remote project location and answer questions on coral and capturing underwater objects in 3D.
Another amazing example of the US Park Service using Autodesk Recap Photo Pro!
The video below of a 3D model was created by National Park Service Submerged Resources Center A/V Production Specialist / Deputy Chief Brett Seymour using Recap Photo Pro. Brett is one of the world's top professional underwater photography and videographers. It is really quite amazing to see how he operates with all the gear while SCUBA diving as he is a consummate professional and master. Just over a week ago I saw Brett diving with a large and expensive RED digital 4K cinema camera in an underwater housing and two big strobes which made it appear as if Brett was diving with the front of a small expensive car and maintained a fluid dive and controlled buoyancy throughout the dive.
Brett captured this WWII Corsair aircraft crash last week located just off Hawaii's Waikiki Beach in about 100 feet water depth.
Anyone that has attempted to create a 3D model of something on land and ran into challenges can appreciate how well both of these National Park Service professionals have mastered the process to get good results in such a challenging underwater environment.
While writing your own software or apps, or even coding your own web page is not for everyone it is for some a very enjoyable hobby or career. The Hour of Code for the Computer Science Education Week is designed to expose people to coding or programming in hopes some may find it as their calling.
In life we need to be exposed to a little bit of everything especially when we are young to help find our passion, talent, and where we fit in. Those who know me know that I am a huge supporter of getting more young people involved in design, engineering, math, and science. So here is an opportunity to expose someone to computer science which is mainly logic and math but a great career with many opportunities and fun.
Check Out the Hour of Code Project
My friend and Autodesk Colleague Tatjana Dzambazova, Technology Whisperer & Senior Product Manager IPG - Reality Capture sent me a great article she had written. It is great to see the www.africafossils.org evolved with more functionality and more comprehensive information. –Shaan
For six decades and three generations, the Leakey family has dedicated themselves to uncovering, understanding and promoting the story of our origins. They have been systematically discovering evidence of our ancestry in East Africa. The Leakey team have collected thousands of fossils of human ancestors and other animals, as well as stone tools and other artifacts that are stored permanently in the National Museums of Kenya and at the Turkana Basin Institute (www.turkanabasin.org).
Aware of the general inaccessibility of these national treasures in their current locations, Dr. Louise Leakey, a third generation of the ‘fossil hunter’ family, took it upon herself to find a way to make them globally accessible for educators, kids, and science enthusiasts. Inspired by the possibilities presented by new capture and digitization technologies, about two years ago Dr. Louise Leakey began a fruitful collaboration with Autodesk (www.autodesk.com). Together, the team captured 3D digital models of the most significant fossils, and built a beautiful, interactive web site to host them.
The dedicated web site www.africafossils.org hosts the collection of fossil models in a virtual laboratory, and allows for an interactive 3D viewing experience of the individual fossils (currently leveraging www.sketchfab.com).
The virtual lab allows the user to explore and pick up the displayed artifacts interactively
Additionally, one can search for specific specimens by categories such as species or age and compare them
Search by category, specimen or age
The 3D fossil can be interactively manipulated in browser, allowing for ‘digital touch’
Interactive comparison of modern human skull and early hominid skull in 3D
MAKING PHYSICAL REPLICAS OF THE OLD FOSSILS
The visitors can download the 3D digital models of the fossil,s for the purpose of making physical replicas under a creative commons license.
Downloads include 3D digitized models for 3D printing, as well as cardboard patterns (generated with Autodesk’s 123D MAKE http://www.123dapp.com/make) for recreating low cost physical replicas of the fossils using laser cutting or simple printer and scissors.
Digital 3D models and Cardboard patterns can be downloaded for creating physical replicas at home or at school
Cardboard assembly of a skull made from the downloadable cardboard patterns created with 123D Make
The 3D digitized fossils can be downloaded for 3D printing
In addition, the site is linked to social networks and has an inbuilt community forum where users can comment and share their creations and experiences.
The currently displayed 3D models have been digitized using Autodesk software (Autodesk’s ReCap Photo http://recap.autodesk.com and 123D Catch http://www.123dapp.com/catch ) The team is now complementing that capture with laser and structured light scanning.
www.africanfossils.org is under continuous development but it already hosts 3D digitized replicas of over 50 fossils. More fossils will be regularly added, as well as other planned improvements to the site.
Science can be accessible and fun, and thanks to the vision of Dr. Leakey with the support of Autodesk and the National Museums of Kenya, we now have a fantastic new way learning about our origins!
I am here with Smithsonian's 3D capturing experts the "Laser Cowboys" Adam Metallo and Vince Rossi, 3D Program Officers, Smithsonian Institution Digitization Program at the famed Smithsonian Castle in Washington DC for a Reddit AMA session. The Reddit AMA session will run until 1PM Eastern today Friday November 15th,2013. Adam and Vince use many 3D capture techniques such as laser scanning, micro CT, photogrammetry and more to capture the objects and collection at the Smithsonian.
On the walk back I ran into a very friendly squirrel, and no he was not rabid but perhaps a lobbyist for the nut industry.
The Smithsonian X 3D Event is this week in Washington DC. Autodesk is a very proud sponsor of this special event that will amaze and change the way you may experience museums and research in the future.
The Smithsonian X 3D event is now sold out to attending in person but there will be a live webcast at http://3d.si.edu/ as well as the event archived for later viewing. Autodesk's very own Tatjana Dzambazova, Sr. Product Manager, IPG-Reality Capture and Brian Mathews, Vice President and Group CTO, Reality Capture will be speaking at this event.
Event Agenda: http://3d.si.edu/agenda.html
I will be attending and tweeting at this event from @ShaanHurley as well as blogging when I can from this event, so please join me in experiencing this event live on the webcast November 13 and during the the week for more behind the scenes information. I will also have a special meeting with Smithsonian's 3D capturing experts the "Laser Cowboys" Adam Metallo and Vince Rossi, 3D Program Officers, Smithsonian Institution Digitization Program Office.
Follow the Smithsonian 3D Twitter account @3D_Digi_SI and their Facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/3d.si.edu for more information and a look at the amazing projects and technologies they are involved with preserving iconic and historic objects in the Smithsonian collection.
We're looking for the best, the brightest, and the most innovative and creative faculty, students, and researchers that you know, and we need your assistance in encouraging them to apply to the IDEA Studio - Autodesk's unique scholar-in-residence program. The IDEA Studio is now accepting proposals for residencies that will take place in November 2013 through January 2014, and proposals are due May 15.
Located in San Francisco in the Autodesk Gallery at One Market, the IDEA Studio supports faculty and students from around the world who use Autodesk software in advanced, imaginative ways to solve real-life problems. In addition to grants of up to $30,000 USD, residents are given an inspirational workspace and are connected with a tailored network of Autodesk advisors to help them reach their research goals.
Applicants can submit a brief proposal directly via the online Proposal Submission Form.
While the ability to print yourself a new liver after a tough New Years Eve party may not be possible this year, the research and technology is definitely headed towards the ability to 3D print print real functioning human tissue and organs in the future will be reality.
Read more in the Wired.com article:
”Autodesk Developing CAD Software to Design, 3-D Print Living Tissue”
Take it easy on your body this holiday season as you cannot 3D print replacement parts, yet…
The San Francisco Exploratorium has long been a place for kids and adults alike to explore science and technology, but it is moving. The Exploratorium is moving to the historic Embarcadero waterfront at pier 15 in 2013 and closing the current location in the Palace of Fine Arts in a couple weeks.
One of the people that the Exploratorium helped get interested in science and technology was Autodesk’s very own Brian Mathews who is now the Group CTO for the IPG group. Brian mentioned it made such an impact on him that he wanted to help document the existing Exploratorium in 3D using Reality Capture methods such as laser scanning and photogrammetry for historic preservation.
Laser scanning is where stationary laser scanning equipment such as the FARO Focus 3D projects a laser beam and captures the x,y,z coordinates and other attributes at a very high speed. The highly accurate points captures create a 3D point cloud that can be used as a digital reference of the objects and space.
Photogrammetry is where you take a series of photos and then software creates a 3D textured model. Autodesk currently has a free photogrammetry software for computers as well as the mobile iPhone and the iPad named 123D Catch where you can take photos of an object and create a 3D model. Brian is using an advanced unreleased version of the technology we are working on.
Having the Exploratorium captured forever in 3D will preserve not only how it was configured to help with planning exhibits at the new location, but also preserve it for historical record purposes long after the old location is gone. One could even later print the objects in 3D physical models.
Check out the video that includes Brian and the Reality Capture from ABC 7 KGO in San Francisco (you do have to bear through a commercial first grrr)
Exploratorium preserving past, preparing for future
Some may have attended or seen the fun Cage Match on “3D Printing is a Toy” with 12 year old prodigy Schuyler St.Leger last week. I even wore the Nacho Libre mask and cape in an unsuccessful attempt to intimidate Schuyler. This was really a no win debate for my position that 3D printing is a toy.
First: he is a cute and well spoken 12 year old kid that is passionate about 3D printing rating on enthusiasm meter of a scale 1-10 he pegs it at 99, and he really is smarter than most 30 year olds with a degree.
Second: 3D Printing is here to stay and will only get better and used in many more ways to benefit everyone.
My only point to be made during the entertaining fun event was that while I do fully believe in 3D printing, currently for most it is just printing small plastic toys with some limited exceptions.
Cage Match Video at Autodesk University 2012 Shaan :Electric Boogaloo” Hurley "3D Printers are Toys?" and Schuyler “Sledgehammer” St.Leger http://bit.ly/TBR2qC
He hit me with not only great debate points but LED bombs and a hammer names the “Hurley Hammer” and then called me Aardvark as that animal has two “a”s in it’s name like me.
Here are two photos from the match taken by Mike Burke shared in the AU2012 Flickr Photo Pool
Personally I don’t see in the near future anyone printing critical components for bridges, nuclear equipment, or submarines that I used to design several years ago. It will take some great advancements in the future to be able to reliably, scale, and economically replace current materials and manufacturing methods, but I think we will get there someday. We are currently in the infancy and exciting research stages in my opinion especially for consumer 3D printing, but the technology is rapidly evolving. I have to laugh at articles like the one on thedailymash where they poke fun of where we are now with 3D printing with a bit too much sarcasm perhaps to troll readers. I have seen other online blogs where they call 3D printing a fad, but in time they will be proven wrong.
I share the optimism of Schuyler on 3D printing, and their significance in the future of manufacturing and science. I commend him on all that he does to promote 3D printing and Makers. He is one amazing and smart kid. It will be amazing to see what he does in the future as he may be that one person that comes up with the way to make 3D printing as common in manufacturing as a CNC milling or casting process.
Thank You Schuyler!!!
The Future is So Bright I Got to Wear 3D Printed Shades!
You could engineer a better world? Autodesk’s own Dawn Danby and the independent creative genius Saul Griffith produced a video to inspire young people, teachers, designers, makers and others to dream of all the challenges and things you could do.
Engineering, design, science, experimentation, making things, solving problems, taking on challenges, and yes even math are indeed cool.
Singularity University just posted a YouTube link of a recent interview of world renowned paleoanthropologist, and friend Louise Leakey of the Turkana Basin Institute. The interview was by Singularity University faculty chair member and fellow Autodesk employee Jonathan Knowles.
Yesterday I had the pleasure of attending a rocket motor test here in Utah. The test was conducted by ATK and ULA United Launch Alliance. It was an amazing experience to see the rocket motor prior to firing, then the actual ignition from less than a mile away from the ignition site. The first sensation is the bright light from the flame, then the loud sound shaking your body, and about 3 seconds later then some heat. The solid fuel rocket engine burned about 90 seconds.
The vectorable motor is 60 inch diameter and 53 feet long and produces 270,000 pounds of thrust.
These GEM-60 rocket motors have re-designed motor from liquid fuel to solid fuel thus being more economical. ATK performed this fixed test where the motor is restrained to the ground to confirm design and gather data using many sensors. These rocket motors are used for important orbital lift operations such as ULA’s Delta IV launch vehicles which launch several important payloads including GPS, satellites and military payloads.
Imagine this motor in 2 or 4 configurations to lift vehicles into orbit, that would be really amazing and loud and would be great to mount one on my jeep to get a little speed boost on a commute, or the drive to AU 2012!
What a way to spend a Thursday, watching some of the most complex engineering and science in action.
Thank you ATK & ULA for the opportunity to attend the test and the front row seat.
I will have a front row seat in the media area when ATK performs a ground test of GEM 60 solid rocket motor on September 6th, 2012. Last time I was at this test site, I had front row for the ARES DM1 fixed motor test and see the amazing engineering before and after firing as well as speak with the real rocket scientists and engineers. It was so amazing that I couldn’t event remember how to use my camera for a few seconds when the DM1 lit up and rumbled the earth. I felt the heat from a mile away. The countdown alone is enough to raise your heart rate with each number 10, 9, 8, 7, then they tease you with hold times to make sure all is ready but I personally think it is just to see how much anticipation and anxiety you can take. The only thing ever to rival this was being front row for the final launch of the Space Shuttle Discovery STS-133 and blogging and tweeting it live. It was a truly emotional time and saw several of the veteran Space Shuttle astronauts as well as some legendary Apollo 11 astronauts like Buzz Aldrin, and Neil Armstrong RIP.
DM1 Test blog post:
What a Day, 3.6 Million Pounds of Thrust Was a Blast
In a ground test they mount the motor to the ground in a special reinforced fixture instead of it blasting off into the heavens. It takes a great deal of engineering to do this test, and restrain an amazing amount of energy provided by the rocket engine producing 270,000 of thrust. Granted this is only a fraction of the Ares DM1 motor at 3.6 million pounds of thrust, but still just as amazing. Once you light the rocket motor there is no stopping it until it burns out of fuel. There is no UNDO command.
I will be tweeting @ShaanHurley as well as blogging during and after the event, and can hardly wait.
This is another fine example of math science and engineering being cool.
ATK to Perform Ground Test of GEM 60 Solid Rocket Motor
Salt Lake City, Utah, August 30, 2012 – Alliant Techsystems (NYSE: ATK) will test a GEM-60 solid rocket motor, Thursday, September 6. The 60-inch diameter graphite epoxy motor (GEM) is a commercially provided, reliable, low-cost propulsion system. It measures 43 feet in length.
What: Horizontal ground test firing of GEM-60
Date: Thursday, September 6, 2012
Time: 11:15 a.m. MDT
Where: ATK Aerospace Group facility in Promontory, Utah
- GEM-60 fixed nozzle qualification at cold temperature
- Brand new nozzle (previously built by supplier – now by ATK)
- The motor will be cooled to 30°F to measure solid rocket motor performance at low temperature
- When fired, the motor will produce a maximum thrust 270,000 pounds.
- GEM-60 motors have successfully boosted ULA’s Delta IV M+ launch vehicles since 2002
A public viewing area is available along State Road 83 North approximately 20 miles west of Corinne, Utah.
I cant wait for the countdown to start and then when they light this monster of a candle. This is all thanks to my ATK friends in Utah where the Space Shuttle “SRB” Solid Rocket Boosters were developed, tested, and made for many years until the Space Shuttle Program was retired.
Tonight when you look up in the night sky you will see a rare full blue moon, think of Neil and Buzz.
It is said you can get one wish upon a blue moon. The next one is in 2015.
How does Autodesk fit into this blog post, read further. The nature magazine is no ordinary magazine, it is more of a science periodical of peer reviewed papers and information on major discoveries in science. My good friend Dr. Louise Leakey and her 3 generations of family as paleoanthropologist’s, the Leakey’s have a new paper published in the August 2012 issue of nature released today that identifies a new species of our distant relatives that could change the way we look at evolution of we humans (homo sapiens) and those that came before us. The find was located in the East Africa region I recently visited with Dr. Louise Leakey, Deming Yang of the National Museums of Kenya, and my colleague at Autodesk Gonzalo Martinez in Northern Kenya’s harsh and hot desert environment near Lake Turkana.
Meave G. Leakey, Fred Spoor, M. Christopher Dean, Craig S. Feibel, Susan C. Antón, Christopher Kiarie & Louise N. Leakey + et al.
Three newly discovered hominin fossils—a well-preserved face of a late juvenile, a nearly complete mandible and a mandibular fragment—aged between 1.78 and 1.95 million years old, confirm the presence of two contemporary species of early Homo, in addition to H. erectus, in the early Pleistocene of eastern Africa.”
Discoveries like this do not happen every day and takes years and years of research manually searching the desert.
And below is the future Dr. Louise Leakey in 1972 as a baby accompanying her father Dr. Richard Leakey, and mother Dr. Meave Leakey.
Even Starbucks coffee recognizes the lifelong dedication of the Leakey family.
When we were there in the remote Northern Kenya in May 2012 on working on both sides of Lake Turkana, we used a modified remote controlled 8 bladed Octo-Copter to test if that would automate and speed up the process of locating the fossils that are really just small pieces that fit in a puzzle of our ancestors. I can only hope to go back someday to work, explore, and assist the amazing local people located in the region.
Last week I had the pleasure of accompanying Dr. Louise Leakey of the Turkana Basin Institute and a National Geographic Explorer in Residence at the San Francisco Autodesk headquarters for meetings as well as her presenting to the Singularity University located on NASA Ames Research Center in Mountain View. Singularity University is funded and ran by several sponsors including Autodesk, with a goal each of each PhD and PhD candidates to affect the lives of a billion people.
Title of the Singularity University Talk
“Using Technology to Accelerate Exploring our Past: An Evening with Paleoanthropologist Dr. Louise Leakey
Anthropology & Paleontology have long been a laborious task but now technology may hold the key to faster collection, documentation, and sharing the artifacts around the world in 3D via the Internet so all can share in the discoveries of the past and our origins as a species. From the days of riding camels to remote regions and manually looking for small fragments to now using aerial capture of locations of interest, laser and photogrammetry technology to capture the specimens it is all changing and allowing us to accelerate the process before the clues to our past are destroyed by modern development and domestic herd animals moving into the region, oil exploration, or time and erosion, and lost forever.”
Autodesk has captured in 3D several of the specimens using the free Autodesk 123D Catch and a regular digital camera and also laser scanning using a FARO edge laser scanning arm and then printing them in 3D as well as placing them in a virtual museum at http://www.africanfossils.org.
Autodesk isn't only focused on sales of software and services, but also philanthropic projects. I like to say while Autodesk may be a corporation, it is really just a group of 7200 awesome individual people that really care about the world we live in, and making is a better place for everyone.
PS: Watch the program “Bones of Turkana” online and follow the Leakey's quest to unravel the mysteries of human evolution.
Perhaps you’re a gardener and have seen these evil little butterflies (Cabbage Moth / Cabbage Butterfly Plutella xylostella, Pieris rapae) that lay eggs on cabbage, then the caterpillars devour your vegetables. Why is it this is the only butterfly that I don’t like and does bad things? It is referred to as both a moth and butterfly so I will assume it is more annoying moth than a delicate innocent beautiful butterfly. It turns out these little delicate insects are highly territorial and wont go into a garden area where another is. I wonder what a butterfly fight looks like…
Old remedies were to spray tons of nasty chemicals all over everything, spread egg shells in your garden, or place white paper butterfly decoys - but now we have 3D printing.
So I designed a 3D cabbage butterfly in AutoCAD end used STLOUT or 3DPRINT command to generate a STL file for use by 3D printers. I could also have easily designed the 3D Butterfly and generated an STL 3D Print export using the free 123D solid modeling software. I then printed it on my MakerBot Replicator and then affixed it with fishing line to some 1/8” copper wire.
The detailed steps to create a decoy to keep other real cabbage butterflies away has been posted as an Instructable on instructables.com http://www.instructables.com/id/3D-Printing-a-Cabbage-Moth-Butterfly-Decoy-to-Sa/
I hope the decoys keep these little hungry cabbage eaters out of the garden this year.
In this months June 2012 Smithsonian Magazine there is a great article involving Reality Capture by Smithsonian curator Nicholas D. Pyenson Curator of Fossil Marine Mammals where you capture an existing object in a digital form such as a 3D mesh or point cloud. The article is “Save the Whale Bones – Laser scans record fossils” on page 84 of this issue and online at How Two Laser Cowboys-Saved The Day “http://www.smithsonianmag.com/arts-culture/How-Two-Laser-Cowboys-Saved-The-Day.html”. The article details a unique archeological dig in Chile that was a collection of ancient whales located in the desert where a highway was going to be constructed, so time was of the essence to preserve this scientific anomaly of a group of full whale fossils in a land location.
The “Laser Cowboys” Vince Rossi and Adam Metallo of the the Smithsonian 3-D digitization team were sent to the field location to work with Nick to determine a method to preserve the existing scene. The laser cowboys used a Faro Edge laser arm and a Faro Focus3D laser scanner to capture the scene in a detailed and accurate 3D point cloud to preserve the information long after the fossils have been relocated to make way for the impending highway project.
At the end of the project they took photos of the scene and used the free Autodesk 123D Catch to generate a 3D mesh model and then 3D printed a scaled miniature of the model . How great to have a miniature of a large project to show others, or place as an exhibit, or the coolest paperweight on your desk ever.
Having the digital models and 3D prints will allow the sharing of accurate data in digital and physical forma for scientist all over the world to determine what caused this and to preserve this unique scene forever.
Time lapse video of capture of the whales and more on their YouTube page:
Read more on the Laser Cowboys digitizing the massive Smithsonian collection by Cnet Smithsonian turns to 3D to bring collection to the world
They have a Facebook page Smithsonian 3D Digitization
Cheers & happy 3D scanning!
Last month myself and Gonzales Martinez spent a few weeks in Kenya with Dr, Louise Leakey of the Turkana Basin Institute and Yang Deming of the National Museum of Kenya. We were researching several aspects of aerial photography and from a remote controlled copter to not only capture video and photos by map and locate areas of interest for fossil artifacts. We were in the Northern most part of Kenya in the Lake Turkana basin where the earliest evidence of man has been discovered over the years including several skulls dating back millions of years. Gonzalo has taken some of our video from both my camera and the onboard Octo-Copter video as well as photos and posted the video for everyone to enjoy.
Autodesk Octo-copter aerial video of flying in Northern Turkana region of Kenya. http://youtu.be/KvhJu6b0gug?hd=1
For my US readers; please tune in for Bones of Turkana on PBS Wednesday May 16th, 2012. This is a new documentary about the Leakey's human origins research in Kenya's Turkana Basin http://t.co/si59ckRu.
The Turkana Basin of Kenya is where many of the hominin fossils (our human ancestors) were found along with a great deal of other fossils and tools. Autodesk has been working with Louise Leakey, Turkana Basin Institute, and the National Museums of Kenya to document many in the collection in 3D using Autodesk 123D Catch for display online at http://www.africanfossils.org.
Introduction Video narrated by Louise Leakey:
Welcome to AfricanFossils.org
If in the US be sure to watch the Bones of Turkana Documentary! http://t.co/si59ckRu